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Articles

Bilyana Gyaurova-Wegertseder


11/10/2017 The Supreme Judicial Council and the Election of Chair of the Supreme Administrative Court: Episode II (BG)
18/09/2017 At the Entrance and at the Exit of Each Government the Judiciary Stands (BG)
15/06/2017 The Supreme Judicial Council in An Alternative Reality (BG)
08/06/2017 Merkel's Еlegant Warning (BG)
28/01/2016 Why the Continuous CVM Monitoring Is the Better Scenario for Bulgaria (BG)
06/11/2015 Inspectorate for the Magistrates or Inspectоrate of the Deputies (BG)
27/01/2015 About the Honor of the SCC and the Fear of the SJC (BG)
02/09/2014 VISION 2020: Why It Is Good and Disturbing (BG)
09/03/2014 How to Appoint those Leadership Positions without asking the #КОЙ (who) Question (BG)
08/07/2013 The Election of New Chair of the National Health Insurance Fund. Parliament Acts like 911 - alas, not in a good way (BG)
18/06/2013 We "Can" and We "Do" in the New Parliament After Adopting Its New Rules (BG)
17/08/2011 Confiscation - Mission (Im)possible (BG)


Boryana Christova


25/01/2018 Тhe Аppointments Evolution (BG)
21/03/2017 The Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) - from proposals to results (BG)
11/07/2017 The Lay judge - a Parade Piece of Decoration in the Criminal Proceedings (BG)
09/02/2016 How Can We Believe in the Judiciary? (BG)
05/11/2014 Uniform Rules for the Nomination, Announcement and Appointment of State Bodies Under the Current Legislation (BG)


Neda Grozeva


11/05/2018 All New is Well-Forgotten Old (EN)
08/05/2018 In Bulgaria the Political Influence over the Judiciary Still Hinders Its Independence (EN)
25/01/2018 Тhe Аppointments Evolution (BG)
11/10/2017 Fighting Bribery: an ambition or a reality? The perspectives of ISO 37001:2016 (BG) 
08/09/2017 The Trust in the Judiciary was not Given a Chance or Why Democracy is so Overrated* (BG)
11/08/2017 The Law of the Season. Is the State Building an Anti-corruption Sandy Castle (BG)
02/07/2017 Anti-corruption Talk vs. Anti-corruption Doing: a story of a whistleblower (BG)
23/03/2017 A Conversation with Judge José Igreja Matos – President of the European Association of Judges (EN)
24/12/2016 For Corruption with Love: India (BG)
15/02/2016 The Duplicitous Face of Transparency (BG) (EN)
28/10/2015 The Inspectorate with the Supreme Judicial Council Depends on Its Inspectors: or Why Procedures Shall be Pro Indeed (BG) (EN)
06/06/2012 Direct Vote for the Supreme Judicial Council. Is It Possible? (BG)


Teodor Slavev


12/02/2018 Someone Else Somewhere Else is Stealing (BG)
31/05/2017 Upcoming Elections of Independent State Bodies. Are We Expecting a Change? (BG)
02/01/2017 Happy New 1917 (BG)
01/12/2016 Conclusions After the Presidential Elections in Bulgaria (BG) 
08/10/2016 The Election of a New President - Beyond the Family Idyll (BG)
21/06/2016 The State Capture Scenario in Bulgaria (BG)
23/02/2016 Parliamentary Labor Bureau (BG)
07/01/2016 Аuthoritarian Models of Governance in Bulgaria. The Test Drive (BG)


Tsvetomir Todorov


11/07/2017 The Lay judge - a Parade Piece of Decoration in the Criminal Proceedings (BG)
23/03/2017 А Pre-election Optimistic View on the Judicial Reform - full analysis (BG)
26/10/2015 Election of Lay judges? There Is No Such Thing! (BG)

Events

08/01/2017

Judge Anatoli Bobokov is the Selected Fellow to Join the Visiting Foreign Judicial Fellows Program Hosted by the Federal Judicial Center (FJC)

The Visiting Foreign Judicial Fellows Program offers foreign judges, court officials, and scholars an opportunity to conduct research at the Center on topics relating to the administration of justice in the United States. The FJC received many applications from qualified Bulgarian magistrates. The selected candidate is Judge Anatoli Bobokov (1984), serving at Bourgas District Court as a criminal judge since 2012. Prior to that he has experience as lawyer and legal advisor. He is a graduate of Rousse University Law Faculty. The research topic of Judge Bobokov’s proposal is "The Clarity of Judicial Acts and the Communication Strategy of Judicial Authorities with the Media and Society”. We wish him a successful and productive stay in the United States.

26/09/2017

On September 26, 2017 Tsvetomir Todorov, who is coordinator of the “Lay Judges – active citizens for real participation in justice" project presented a report during the round table “120 years After the First Lay Judges Law”. The first lay judges law in the Bulgarian history was voted on February 22, 1987. Mr Todorov presented his findings and opinions after the amendments in the Judiciary System Act. “The lay judges institute in Bulgaria is a reflection of our society and the general state of the judiciary. From sociological point of view that means the following: population is aging, most of the lay judges are also old. Most judges are women, women also dominate this institute. Roma minorities are not active in our civic life and we will rarely see Roma people as lay judges.”

06/09/2017

BILI published profiles of all 18 parliamentary nominees for members of the SJC following the Transparent Judicial Appointments Initiative methodology. 11 (6 will be elected) are candidates for the judicial chamber and 7 (5 will be elected) for the prosecutorial chamber. The purpose of the profiles is to present in a systematicаl and understandable manner the information about candidates. Since 2012 the "judicial profiles" are reliable and respected source of data regarding leadership formation procedures in the judiciary. The composition of profiles is part of the TJAI strategy to promote high standards in the recruitment procedures in the judiciary.

23/04/2017

Under the American Judges for Bulgaria Network Justice Richard L. Gabriel from the Colorado Supreme Court visited Bulgaria. During his stay he visited Varna and Burgas where he met not only with judges, but also with attorneys and prosecutors. Justice Gabriel touched on topics which were of importance to the Bulgarian judges – self-governance, performance evaluation, election, individual plans for improving the performance and mediation. Everywhere, he was warmly welcomed and the meetings achieved their purpose – to have a professional, collegial and interesting discussion. 

19/12/2016

On December 19 BILI hosted the conference "One year after the Constitutional amendments - what is done and what is yet to come". The conference is the first professional follow up after the amendments. The conference provided floor to magistrates, politicians, academia and civic activist to present their opinions and evaluations of the effect of the changes. Key topics:functionality of the SJC after the two-chamber division;the parliamentary quota in the Council; judicial reform advancement and obstacles; general state of the rule of law in Bulgaria. 

29/12/2017

The Director of the Bulgarian Institute for Legal Initiatives has been featured in Forbes. Ms Bilyana Gyaurova-Wegertseder shared the story of the Institute in the special annual ForbesWowan issue for Bulgaria. Bilyana said that he core cause of her work is the goal of a normal life in a normal country, where rules are followed as it is supposed to be. She revealed some of the key legal initiatives she contributed to throughout the years. For example, the establishment of mediation as alternative dispute resolution method in Bulgaria.

01/11/2017

Image: The American Law Institute

The U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Elizabeth S. Stong for the Eastern District of New York is visiting Bulgaria at our invitation. Her visit is part of the "American Judges for Bulgaria Network" project supported by the America for Bulgaria Foundation. Judge Stong will be meeting magistrates, the ombudsman and lawyers with whom she'll discuss bankruptcy, mediation and other important issues for the judiciary.  Judge Stong is active in international judicial capacity building and has trained judges on five continents, including in Central Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and the Arabian Peninsula, as an expert with the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation, and U.S. Department of Commerce Commercial Law Development Program. She has also consulted with the Supreme Court of China and People’s High Courts in Beijing and Guangzhou, and has participated in judicial workshops in Cambodia, Brazil, Argentina and Chile. She is an elected member of the European Law Institute and an Adviser to the ELI-UNIDROIT Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure project.

18/09/2017

Bilyana Gyaurova-Wegertseder was invited by the Supreme Judicial Council (SJC) to join the final session of the Civic Council with the SJC. The session was held on September 18. Bilyana presented the answers of the judicial nominees regarding their future work as SJC members and cooperation with the Civic Council. She emphasized on the necessity of good, active and professional dialogue between NGOs and judiciary. Answers of the magistrates are available in Bulgarian here.

12/07/2017 

BILI organized a civic hearing of the candidates for the SJC, nominated by the Parliament. The hearing was an opportunity for the candidates to present themselves, their concepts and vision on the work of the SJC and motives to enter the procedure in a calm and friendly environment. 3 of the nominees responded to our invitation as well as current members of the SJC, MPs, magistrates, media representatives and legal experts.  

06/07/2016

BILI celebrated its 10 years anniversary! We are grateful for all the support and partnerships built during the past 10 years with  state respresentatives, other think tanks, media and private sector. We all have worked very hard and shared common efforts towards a positive change in the public life in Bulgaria. We know that change takes time, continious efforts and strong motivation. We'll keep doing our best. Thank you! #10years of knowledge #10years searching for new solutions #10years Bulgarian Institute for Legal Initiatives.

27/09/2016

On September 27-28 we hosted the The Alpha to Omega Academy of Social Entrepreneurship. The Academy initiated by Neda Grozeva encompassed education, global experience and networking in the discourse around the growth and development of social entrepreneurship in Bulgaria. Our speakers were Nwabisa Mayema (SA), Ismail Lahsini (MAR), Camila Urzua (CL), Chenjerai Katanda (ZW). Key topics: Financial Courage; Currency of Networks; Addressing Social Issues through Innovation. Watch ALL lectures here.

Interviews

Full list of all interviews in media is available in the Bulgarian version of the website. 

What Did the Parliament Do with the Election of the Supreme Judicial Council?

On September 23, 2017 our Director Bilyana Gyaurova-Wegertseder was guest in BiT, where she discussed the election of the new supreme administrative body of the judiciary. “The major problem, which became completely obvious during the parody called “parliamentary hearings”, is the procedure itself. None of the important and uncomfortable questions about the judiciary were asked or towards what policies those new members will be working during their mandate. None of the questions presented by NGOs was asked and it is precisely the questions of NGOs that draw the thin red line in the judiciary. Very soon there will be a test for the independence of the new SJC members with the election of President of the Supreme Administrative Court.  

The Expert Speaks: Mediation Could Heal the Broken Relationship Between Arguing Parties

On March 15, 2017 the Director of BILI Bilyana Gyaurova-Wegertseder was invited to explain mediation as a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) by Attorney Maria Sharkova in her blog. “Mediation is, in general, a process where the communication between parties may progress and improve. Often, when there is a conflict between two people or between a person and an establishment or between a group of people, the main reason for this is the broken communication. There is the "lost in translation" situation - people talk, but they are not really heard, and this deepens the conflict. The mediation process is trying to correct this problem by allowing the parties themselves to take responsibility for their dispute and to find the right way to solve it themselves. Last but not least, mediation is voluntary - no one can be forced to participate against his/her will. Read the full interview here.

Enough About the Low Trust in the Judiciary. Fair Magistrates Need Our Support

On June 1, 2017 the Policy Advisor with BILI Neda Grozeva took part in the BiT broadcast eMission Bulgaria to discuss the Supreme Judicial Council election campaign and the upcoming parliamentary nominations. She urged the MPs not to file “last-minute” candidacies as well the nominations to be fair, merit based and strongly motivated. She commented on the past general meetings of investigators and prosecutors. “The individual presentations may be followed by debates, because the Council itself is a collective body and it is important for the magistrates’ community to see if the nominees share the same values, vision and could actually work together”. Neda noted the judicial presence at their relevant meetings was not a formality but a strong and positive community message.

The Battle for the Supreme Administrative Court is a Battle to Control or Reject the System of Corruption Dependencies in the State

On September 11, 2017 our Senior Researcher Teodor Slavev was guest in Bloomberg TV where he commented on the election of President of the SAC and the current development of the judicial reform. He pointed out the key importance of SAC. It is the court “in control” of the executive power acts: SAC exercises supreme judicial supervision as to the accurate and uniform application of the laws in administrative justice and pronounces on all disputes as to the legality of instruments of the Council of Ministers and of the government ministers, as well as of other instruments specified in the law. He emphasized on the importance of procurement cases where corruption schemes are most common to exist. Watch the full interview here

American Judges for Bulgaria Network - Visiting Judges

Judge Gabriel

Photo: Colorado Judicial Branch

In April 2017 Justice Richard L. Gabriel from the Colorado Supreme Court visited Bulgaria. During his stay he visited Varna and Burgas where he met not only with judges, but also with attorneys and prosecutors. Justice Gabriel touched on topics which were of importance to the Bulgarian judges – self-governance, performance evaluation, election, individual plans for performance improvement and mediation. Everywhere, he was warmly welcomed and the meetings were conducted in a professional, collegial fashion, turning into interesting discussions.

CV

Date of Judicial Appointment: June 23, 2015

Career

Appointed by Governor John Hickenlooper to the Colorado Supreme Court June 23, 2015.  Judge, Colorado Court of Appeals (2008-2015). Private practice (1988-2008): Partner (1994-2008) and Associate (1990-94), Holme Roberts & Owen LLP, Denver, CO; Associate, Shea & Gould LLC, New York, NY (1988-90). Practice focused on commercial, intellectual property, probate, and products liability litigation, all including appeals. Also served as City Prosecutor for Lafayette, Colorado.  Judicial clerkship (1987-88): Law clerk, Hon. J. Frederick Motz, U.S. District Court, District of Maryland, Baltimore, MD.

Education

B.A. cum laude in American Studies from Yale University (1984); J.D. from University of Pennsylvania School of Law (1987). Articles editor, University of Pennsylvania Law Review (1986-87). Winner, Keedy Cup Moot Court Competition (1987).

Professional

Admitted to state bars of New York (1987) and Colorado (1990) and to numerous federal district and appellate courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court. Member: American, Colorado, Denver, and New York Bar Associations. Honors: Champion for Children, Rocky Mountain Children's Law Center (1997); Forty Under 40, Denver Business Journal (2002); Richard Marden Davis Award, Denver Bar Foundation (2002); Colorado Super Lawyer (2007-08); Chambers’ Leading Lawyers for Business (2007-08); Intellectual Property Lawyer of the Year, Law Week Colorado (2007); Named as a Lawyer of the Year, Lawyers USA (2007); Denver Bar Association Award of Merit (2014).

Civic

Chief Justice's Commission on Professional Development (member, 2011-present; chair, professionalism working group, 2014-15); CBA Board of Governors (DBA representative, 2010-12, 2014-16; vice president, 2012-13); DBA Board of Trustees (2013-present), CBA/DBA Professionalism Coordinating Council (member, 2009-present); CBA Judicial Liaison Section (member, 2008-present; secretary, 2013-15; vice chair 2016-present); American Bar Foundation (fellow, 2013-present); Colorado Bar Foundation (fellow, 2003-present); Colorado Judicial Institute (director, 1999-present, vice chair, 2001-02, chair, 2004-06); Our Courts (executive committee, 2008-present, federal courts committee, 2007-08, content committee chair, 2009-present, chair, 2015-present); Minoru Yasui Inn of Court (member, 2009-present, vice president, 2012-13, president, 2013-2014); Colorado Wind Ensemble (trumpeter, 1990-present, director, 1993-2008, president, 1994-2008); Colorado Lawyer (Civil Evidence column editor, 1992-96, Civil Litigator column editor, 1996-2005).

Publications

"The Strickland Standard for Claims of Ineffective Assistance of Counsel: Emasculating the Sixth Amendment in the Guise of Due Process," 134 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1259 (1986); "Rule 702: Admissibility of Expert Testimony Regarding Eyewitness Identification," 21 Colo. Law. 927 (1992); "Rule 1006: Admissibility of Summary Evidence," 22 Colo. Law. 35 (1993); "Rule 501: The Privilege of Self-Critical Analysis," 23 Colo. Law. 1291 (1994); "Rule 615: Exclusion of Witnesses," 24 Colo. Law. 1299 (1995); Book Review, "Modern Evidence: Doctrine and Practice," 25 Colo. Law. 48 (1996); Co-author, "Chapter on Rule 26," Colorado Civil Procedure Forms and Commentary (Debra Knapp ed. 1996); "Rule 606(b): Competency of Jurors as Witnesses," 25 Colo. Law 47 (1996); "Professionalism in Today's Competitive Legal Market," 39 Colo. Law. 65 (2010); Co-author, "The Mentoring Relationship: How to Make it Work and Why it Matters," 42 Colo. Law. 53 (2013); Co-author, "Caveat Advocatus:  Some Traps for the Unwary in the Colorado Court of Appeals,"  44 Colo. Law 51 (2015); numerous continuing legal education papers (1990-present).

Personal

Justice Gabriel was born in Brooklyn, NY. He and his wife have two daughters.

Source: Colorado Judicial Branch

Gallery

Judge Gabriel at the Sofia Regional Court

Judge Gabriel and judges from Varna

Meeting with judges from Varna

Meeting with Supreme Judicial Council Members

Judge Gabriel with Burgas Appellate Court Chief judge

A courtroom in Bulgaria, Blagoevgrad

Judge Stong

The beginning of November was marked by the visit of U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Elizabeth S. Stong for the Eastern District of New York. Judge Stong spent a week in Bulgaria and during her visit had a number of interesting and inspiring meetings with judges, attorneys, members of the Supreme Judicial Council and the National Ombudsman.

Judge Stong talked about her professional path from a corporate attorney through mediator and bankruptcy judge. She shared her views on the courts as problem-solvers and explained the role of judges in this process. Judge Stong conveyed her enthusiasm for mediation as a means to not only resolute a dispute, but also help parties reach the best decision with the help of the judge as a neutral voice in the courtroom. 

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Judge Elizabeth S. Stong has served as U.S. Bankruptcy Judge for the Eastern District of New York since 2003.  Before entering on duty, she was a litigation partner and associate at Willkie Farr & Gallagher in New York, an associate at Cravath, Swaine & Moore, and law clerk to Hon. A. David Mazzone, U.S. District Judge in the District of Massachusetts.

Judge Stong is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Council and Membership Committee of the American Law Institute.  She is also a Trustee and member of the Executive Committee of the Practising Law Institute, a member of the board of P.R.I.M.E. Finance, an international dispute resolution organization that promotes judicial education in complex financial disputes, and a member of the Board of Directors of the Harvard Law School Association of New York City.  She is co-chair of the New York Fellows of the American Bar Foundation, serves on the ABA Standing Committee on Pro Bono and Public Service, represents the ABA’s National Conference of Federal Trial Judges in the ABA House of Delegates, and is a member of the Council of the ABA Business Law Section.  She serves as co-chair of the New York City Bar Council on the Profession, a member of the New York County Lawyers Association Justice Center Advisory Board, and a board member of the New York Law Institute.  She is an adjunct professor at Brooklyn Law School and St. John’s University School of Law.

Judge Stong is active in international judicial capacity building and has trained judges on five continents, including in Central Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and the Arabian Peninsula, as an expert with the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation, and U.S. Department of Commerce Commercial Law Development Program.  She has also consulted with the Supreme Court of China and People’s High Courts in Beijing and Guangzhou, and has participated in judicial workshops in Cambodia, Brazil, Argentina and Chile.  She is an elected member of the European Law Institute and an Adviser to the ELI-UNIDROIT Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure project.

Judge Stong previously served as President of the Harvard Law School Association, chair of the International Judicial Relations Committee of the National Conference of Bankruptcy Judges, Vice President of the Federal Bar Council, Vice President of the Board of Directors of New York City Bar Fund Inc. and the City Bar Justice Center, Chair of the New York City Bar’s Alternative Dispute Resolution Committee and Vice Chair of its Judiciary Committee, the Board of Directors of the International Insolvency Institute, and an officer of the ABA Business Law Section.  She was also a member of the board of MFY Legal Services, Inc., one of the largest providers of free civil legal services to low-income residents of New York City, and served on the ABA’s Standing Committee on the American Judicial System, Standing Committee on Continuing Legal Education, Commission on Women in the Profession, and Commission on Homelessness and Poverty.

Judge Stong received the Brooklyn Bar Association’s Freda Nisnewitz Award for Pro Bono Service, the New York Institute of Credit’s Hon. Cecelia H. Goetz Award, the ABA Business Law Section’s Glass Cutter Award, and the MFY Legal Services Scales of Justice Award, among other recognitions.

Judge Stong received her A.B. magna cum laude and her J.D. from Harvard University.

October 2017

Gallery

Meeting with members of the Supreme Judicial Council

Meeting with members of the Supreme Judicial Council

Business breakfast "Business, mediation, benefits – a view from the bench"

Business breakfast "Business, mediation, benefits – a view from the bench"

Meeting with attorneys

City break @ the Sofia City Art Gallery

Judge Calabrese

Photo: The Guardian

In April 2018 judge Alex Calabrese, Supreme Court Justice and Presiding Judge of the Red Hook Community Justice Center, visited Bulgaria. Judge Calabrese met with colleagues and representatives of local communities in Lukovit, Rousse, and Sofia. He shared his extensive experience in community courts and the remarkable results Red Hook has shown in reducing recidivism, incarceration, and increasing satisfaction among court users. At the community justice center, he hears Criminal, Family and Housing Court cases, and uses services such as drug and mental health treatment, peer court, education and training programs and peacemaking.

The Justice Center is a one-judge court and the first multi-jurisdictional court in the United States. Its mission is to identify and address the issue(s) that brought the offender to court to reduce recidivism and offenders recycling through the court system.

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Alex M. Calabrese was appointed to the bench in 1997 to the Criminal Court for the City of New York by Mayor Rudy Giuliani and re-appointed subsequently by Mayors Michael Bloomberg and Bill de Blasio.  In April of 2000, he was named to be the Presiding Judge of the Red Hook Community Justice Center. At the same time, he was also appointed as an Acting Supreme Court Justice for the State of New York. This is the highest trial level for judges in New York State.

The Justice Center is a one-judge court and the first multi-jurisdictional court in the United States, with Criminal, Family and Housing Court cases heard in its one courtroom.  While respecting the accused’s constitutional rights, the presiding judge is able to resolve cases pre-trial or at sentence with an array of sanctions and services which include community service, drug and mental health treatment, trauma counseling, youth services, peer court, education and training programs and peacemaking. The Justice Center’s mission is to identify and address the issue(s) that brought the offender to court to reduce recidivism and offenders recycling through the court system.

The Justice Center is viewed as the leader of the community court movement and community courts based on its model have opened across the United States and around the world. This problem-solving approach has received national and international attention and visits from high level government officials, United States and international chief justices and other dignitaries. The success of the Justice Center was documented in an independent evaluation by the National Institute of Justice and the National Center for State Courts. The Justice Center serves as the model for reducing incarceration and served as the template for “Supervised Release,” a program used daily throughout courts in New York City to reduce pre-trial incarceration.

The Justice Center has received numerous awards, including the 2006 Problem-Solver Award from the American Bar Association, the 2008 NCJA Outstanding Program Award, the 2013 Robin Hood Heroes Award and the 2014 CEI Education Award (the first courthouse to receive each of these awards). The Red Hook Community Justice Center was the subject of a Frontline PBS Special, Red Hook Justice and several other media profiles.

Judge Calabrese is an expert on community courts and has presented nationally and internationally on community justice, problem-solving courts, procedural justice/fairness principles and reducing incarceration. He co-authored a treatise entitled, “Criminal Law and Practice,” which is revised and published annually by the New York State Bar Association. He was an Adjunct Professor, teaching Therapeutic Jurisprudence at the New York University Graduate School of Social Work for over 10 years.

Gallery

Round table in Lukovit

Presentation on community court, Lukovit

Judge Calabrese with Lukovit Regional Court Chief judge

Judge Calabrese in front of the Court House in Rousee

Discussion with judges after presention at the Sofia Regional Court

Judge Calabrese with Sofia Regional Court Chief judge and his deputies

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